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Converting English text to Shavian script

To learn about the Shavian Alphabet, check out Shavian.info.

To transliterate English-language text files and web pages into Shavian script, I've written a C program, a Python program, and a dictionary used by both.

To use shaw.c, do:

bunzip2 dave.dict.bz2
gcc -o shaw shaw.c
shaw dave.dict
Now just type stuff on the screen and press Enter.

For shaw.py you'll need Python version 3.5 or above and the Natural Language Toolkit:

sudo apt install bunzip2 wget unaccent python3
wget dechifro.org/shavian/{shaw.py,dave.dict.bz2}
bunzip2 dave.dict.bz2
pip3 install nltk
python3
>>> import nltk
>>> nltk.download('punkt')
>>> nltk.download('averaged_perceptron_tagger')
>>> exit()

wget -k -O normal.html en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Bernard_Shaw
cat normal.html | unaccent utf-8 | python3 shaw.py dave.dict > shavian.html
firefox shavian.html &
The result should look like this.

Because shaw.py runs the entire text through NLTK's part-of-speech tagger in one piece, you can't use it interactively; it waits for end-of-file on input before outputing anything. The benefit of NLTK is that part-of-speech tagging resolves most heteronyms, e.g. "lives" as a noun is "๐‘ค๐‘ฒ๐‘๐‘Ÿ" while as a verb it is "๐‘ค๐‘ฆ๐‘๐‘Ÿ". shaw.c can't do this because NLTK doesn't support C.

If "unaccent utf-8" doesn't work, try "uconv -x Latin-ASCII" instead. If you use neither, accented words like "rรฉsumรฉ" won't translate.

On Android 7.0 or later, you can install Termux with Storage permission and run shaw.py there. The .bashrc file on my smartphone contains:

shupdate()
{
  rm shaw.py* dave.dict*
  wget dechifro.org/shavian/{shaw.py,dave.dict.bz2}
  bunzip2 dave.dict.bz2
}

shave()
{
  wget -k -O normal.html $1
  echo Converting to Shavian...
  uconv -x Latin-ASCII normal.html | python3 shaw.py dave.dict \
	> /storage/emulated/0/Documents/shavian.html
  echo All done!
}
I copy a URL, open Termux, type "shave ", paste the URL, press Enter, wait for it to finish, then open Documents/shavian.html.

On Linux, once you have shaw.py working, there's a Firefox extension that automatically renders every website you visit in Shavian. At the command line do:

sudo bash
apt install unaccent xxd
cd /usr/local/share
wget dechifro.org/shavian/extension.tgz
tar xvf extension.tgz
cd shavian
mv shavian.json /usr/lib/mozilla/native-messaging-hosts
wget dechifro.org/shavian/{shaw.py,dave.dict.bz2}
bunzip2 dave.dict.bz2
exit
firefox about:debugging\#/runtime/this-firefox &
In Firefox, click "Load Temporary Add-on" and choose the file /usr/local/share/shavian/manifest.json. Every website you load will display normally for a second, then switch to Shavian. This continues until you either quit Firefox or right-click the "๐‘–๐‘ท" button and choose "Remove Extension".

Go to Preferences/Fonts/Advanced and set your Serif font to "Noto Sans Shavian". Linux has no Serif fonts for Shavian, so Firefox will render some text in a low-quality bitmap font if you don't perform this step.


There are many ways to input Shavian text, but Gaspar Sinai's Yudit lets users enter non-Latin text without learning a new keyboard layout. Here's my keymap file. To install it, do:
mytool -convert my -write ~/.yudit/data/Shavian.my -mys Shavian.mys -rmys Shavian.mys
If you don't like my Latin-to-Shavian mapping, you can very easily change it.
To display Shavian text in Xterm, I designed some free bitmap glyphs. Here's a specimen in 6x13 fixed, which has been X11's default font since the 1980s because of its compactness and superior readability:

Xterm defaults to black-on-white, but I much prefer white on dark slate gray. The same text in your web browser's default font looks like this:

๐‘ž ๐‘ฟ๐‘ฏ๐‘จ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘• ๐‘›๐‘ง๐‘’๐‘ค๐‘ผ๐‘ฑ๐‘–๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘”๐‘ป๐‘‘๐‘ฐ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฟ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฒ๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘› ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฑ๐‘‘๐‘• ๐‘ ยท๐‘ฉ๐‘ฅ๐‘ง๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘ฉ, ๐‘ข๐‘ง๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ž ๐‘’๐‘น๐‘• ๐‘ ๐‘ฃ๐‘ฟ๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฆ๐‘๐‘ง๐‘ฏ๐‘‘๐‘•, ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘ ๐‘š๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘ณ๐‘ฅ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฏ๐‘ง๐‘•๐‘ฉ๐‘•๐‘บ๐‘ฆ ๐‘“ ๐‘ข๐‘ณ๐‘ฏ ๐‘๐‘ฐ๐‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ค ๐‘‘ ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ช๐‘ค๐‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ค๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘ฉ๐‘ค ๐‘š๐‘จ๐‘ฏ๐‘›๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ข๐‘ฆ๐‘— ๐‘ฃ๐‘จ๐‘ ๐‘’๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘ง๐‘’๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘› ๐‘ž๐‘ง๐‘ฅ ๐‘ข๐‘ฆ๐‘ž ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘ณ๐‘ž๐‘ผ, ๐‘ฏ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฉ๐‘•๐‘ฟ๐‘ฅ ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฅ๐‘ณ๐‘™ ๐‘ž ๐‘๐‘ฌ๐‘ผ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘ป๐‘”, ๐‘ž ๐‘•๐‘ง๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฉ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฐ๐‘’๐‘ข๐‘ฉ๐‘ค ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฑ๐‘–๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ข๐‘ฆ๐‘— ๐‘ž ๐‘ค๐‘ท๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฑ๐‘—๐‘ผ ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฑ๐‘—๐‘ผ'๐‘Ÿ ๐‘œ๐‘ช๐‘› ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘๐‘ฒ๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ค ๐‘ž๐‘ง๐‘ฅ, ๐‘ฉ ๐‘›๐‘ฐ๐‘•๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘๐‘ง๐‘’๐‘‘ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘ฉ๐‘๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘˜๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ ๐‘ฅ๐‘จ๐‘ฏ๐‘’๐‘ฒ๐‘ฏ๐‘› ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘ข๐‘ฒ๐‘ผ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘‘ ๐‘ž๐‘ฑ ๐‘–๐‘ซ๐‘› ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘ค๐‘บ ๐‘ž ๐‘’๐‘ท๐‘Ÿ๐‘ฉ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ข๐‘ฆ๐‘— ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฅ๐‘๐‘ง๐‘ค ๐‘ž๐‘ง๐‘ฅ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘•๐‘ง๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฑ๐‘–๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ.

๐‘ข๐‘ฐ ๐‘ฃ๐‘ด๐‘ค๐‘› ๐‘ž๐‘ฐ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ต๐‘ž๐‘Ÿ ๐‘‘ ๐‘š๐‘ฐ ๐‘•๐‘ง๐‘ค๐‘“-๐‘ง๐‘๐‘ฆ๐‘›๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘, ๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘‘ ๐‘ท๐‘ค ๐‘ฅ๐‘ง๐‘ฏ ๐‘ธ ๐‘’๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฑ๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘› ๐‘ฐ๐‘’๐‘ข๐‘ฉ๐‘ค, ๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘‘ ๐‘ž๐‘ฑ ๐‘ธ ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘›๐‘ฌ๐‘› ๐‘š๐‘ฒ ๐‘ž๐‘บ ๐‘’๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฑ๐‘‘๐‘ผ ๐‘ข๐‘ฆ๐‘ž ๐‘•๐‘ป๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ณ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฑ๐‘ค๐‘พ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฉ๐‘š๐‘ฉ๐‘ค ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฒ๐‘‘๐‘•, ๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฅ๐‘ณ๐‘™ ๐‘ž๐‘ฐ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ธ ๐‘ค๐‘ฒ๐‘“, ๐‘ค๐‘ฆ๐‘š๐‘ผ๐‘‘๐‘ฆ ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ž ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘•๐‘ฟ๐‘‘ ๐‘ ๐‘ฃ๐‘จ๐‘๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฉ๐‘•.--๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘‘ ๐‘‘ ๐‘•๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘˜๐‘ซ๐‘ผ ๐‘ž๐‘ฐ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฒ๐‘‘๐‘•, ๐‘œ๐‘ณ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘๐‘• ๐‘ธ ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘ฟ๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘› ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฅ๐‘ณ๐‘™ ๐‘ฅ๐‘ง๐‘ฏ, ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฒ๐‘๐‘ฆ๐‘™ ๐‘ž๐‘บ ๐‘ก๐‘ณ๐‘•๐‘‘ ๐‘๐‘ฌ๐‘ผ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘“๐‘ฎ๐‘ช๐‘ฅ ๐‘ž ๐‘’๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘•๐‘ง๐‘ฏ๐‘‘ ๐‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘œ๐‘ณ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฏ๐‘›, --๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘‘ ๐‘ข๐‘ง๐‘ฏ๐‘ง๐‘๐‘ผ ๐‘ง๐‘ฏ๐‘ฆ ๐‘“๐‘น๐‘ฅ ๐‘ ๐‘œ๐‘ณ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘ ๐‘š๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘ณ๐‘ฅ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ณ๐‘’๐‘‘๐‘ฆ๐‘ ๐‘ ๐‘ž๐‘ฐ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ง๐‘ฏ๐‘›๐‘Ÿ, ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ž ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฒ๐‘‘ ๐‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘๐‘ฐ๐‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ค ๐‘‘ ๐‘ท๐‘ค๐‘‘๐‘ผ ๐‘น ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฉ๐‘š๐‘ช๐‘ค๐‘ฆ๐‘– ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘, ๐‘ฏ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘ฟ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฟ ๐‘œ๐‘ณ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘, ๐‘ค๐‘ฑ๐‘ฆ๐‘™ ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘• ๐‘“๐‘ฌ๐‘ฏ๐‘›๐‘ฑ๐‘–๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ช๐‘ฏ ๐‘•๐‘ณ๐‘— ๐‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘•๐‘ฉ๐‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ค๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฏ ๐‘น๐‘œ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฒ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ฆ๐‘™ ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘• ๐‘๐‘ฌ๐‘ผ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ ๐‘•๐‘ณ๐‘— ๐‘“๐‘น๐‘ฅ, ๐‘จ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ž๐‘ง๐‘ฅ ๐‘–๐‘จ๐‘ค ๐‘•๐‘ฐ๐‘ฅ ๐‘ฅ๐‘ด๐‘•๐‘‘ ๐‘ค๐‘ฒ๐‘’๐‘ค๐‘ฆ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฆ๐‘“๐‘ง๐‘’๐‘‘ ๐‘ž๐‘บ ๐‘•๐‘ฑ๐‘“๐‘‘๐‘ฆ ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฃ๐‘จ๐‘๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฉ๐‘•. ๐‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ต๐‘›๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘•, ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘›๐‘ฐ๐‘›, ๐‘ข๐‘ฆ๐‘ค ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘‘๐‘ฑ๐‘‘ ๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘‘ ๐‘œ๐‘ณ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘๐‘• ๐‘ค๐‘ช๐‘™ ๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘จ๐‘š๐‘ค๐‘ฆ๐‘–๐‘‘ ๐‘–๐‘ซ๐‘› ๐‘ฏ๐‘ช๐‘‘ ๐‘š๐‘ฐ ๐‘—๐‘ฑ๐‘ฏ๐‘ก๐‘› ๐‘“ ๐‘ค๐‘ฒ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฏ ๐‘‘๐‘ฎ๐‘จ๐‘ฏ๐‘Ÿ๐‘พ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘ ๐‘’๐‘ท๐‘Ÿ๐‘ฉ๐‘Ÿ; ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฉ๐‘’๐‘น๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘™๐‘ค๐‘ฆ ๐‘ท๐‘ค ๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘•๐‘๐‘ฝ๐‘พ๐‘ฏ๐‘• ๐‘ฃ๐‘จ๐‘” ๐‘–๐‘ด๐‘ฏ, ๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฅ๐‘จ๐‘ฏ๐‘’๐‘ฒ๐‘ฏ๐‘› ๐‘ธ ๐‘ฅ๐‘น ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘๐‘ด๐‘Ÿ๐‘› ๐‘‘ ๐‘•๐‘ณ๐‘“๐‘ผ, ๐‘ข๐‘ฒ๐‘ค ๐‘ฐ๐‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ค๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ธ ๐‘•๐‘ณ๐‘“๐‘ผ๐‘ฉ๐‘š๐‘ฉ๐‘ค, ๐‘ž๐‘จ๐‘ฏ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฒ๐‘‘ ๐‘ž๐‘ง๐‘ฅ๐‘•๐‘ง๐‘ค๐‘๐‘Ÿ ๐‘š๐‘ฒ ๐‘ฉ๐‘š๐‘ช๐‘ค๐‘ฆ๐‘–๐‘ฆ๐‘™ ๐‘ž ๐‘“๐‘น๐‘ฅ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ข๐‘ฆ๐‘— ๐‘ž๐‘ฑ ๐‘ธ ๐‘ฉ๐‘’๐‘ณ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ฅ๐‘›. ๐‘š๐‘ณ๐‘‘ ๐‘ข๐‘ง๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฉ ๐‘ค๐‘ช๐‘™ ๐‘‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ฑ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ ๐‘ฉ๐‘š๐‘ฟ๐‘•๐‘ฉ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฟ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ป๐‘๐‘ฑ๐‘–๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘Ÿ, ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘•๐‘ฟ๐‘ฆ๐‘™ ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘๐‘บ๐‘พ๐‘š๐‘ค๐‘ฆ ๐‘ž ๐‘•๐‘ฑ๐‘ฅ ๐‘ช๐‘š๐‘ก๐‘ง๐‘’๐‘‘ ๐‘ฆ๐‘๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘•๐‘ฉ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฉ ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ฒ๐‘ฏ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘›๐‘ฟ๐‘• ๐‘ž๐‘ง๐‘ฅ ๐‘ณ๐‘ฏ๐‘›๐‘ผ ๐‘จ๐‘š๐‘•๐‘ฉ๐‘ค๐‘ต๐‘‘ ๐‘›๐‘ง๐‘•๐‘๐‘ฉ๐‘‘๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฅ, ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ž๐‘บ ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฒ๐‘‘, ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ž๐‘บ ๐‘›๐‘ฟ๐‘‘๐‘ฆ, ๐‘‘ ๐‘”๐‘ฎ๐‘ด ๐‘ช๐‘“ ๐‘•๐‘ณ๐‘— ๐‘œ๐‘ณ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘, ๐‘ฏ ๐‘‘ ๐‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ฉ๐‘๐‘ฒ๐‘› ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฟ ๐‘œ๐‘ธ๐‘›๐‘Ÿ ๐‘“ ๐‘ž๐‘บ ๐‘“๐‘ฟ๐‘—๐‘ผ ๐‘•๐‘ฆ๐‘’๐‘˜๐‘ซ๐‘ผ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘ฆ.--๐‘•๐‘ณ๐‘— ๐‘ฃ๐‘จ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘š๐‘ฐ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ž ๐‘๐‘ฑ๐‘–๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘ ๐‘•๐‘ณ๐‘“๐‘ผ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘• ๐‘ ๐‘ž๐‘ฐ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘’๐‘ช๐‘ค๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ; ๐‘ฏ ๐‘•๐‘ณ๐‘— ๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฌ ๐‘ž ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘ง๐‘•๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘ฆ ๐‘ข๐‘ฆ๐‘— ๐‘’๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ฑ๐‘ฏ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ž๐‘ง๐‘ฅ ๐‘‘ ๐‘ท๐‘ค๐‘‘๐‘ผ ๐‘ž๐‘บ ๐‘“๐‘น๐‘ฅ๐‘ผ ๐‘•๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ฅ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ ๐‘œ๐‘ณ๐‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘. ๐‘ž ๐‘ฃ๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฆ ๐‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ง๐‘Ÿ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘ ๐‘’๐‘ฆ๐‘™ ๐‘ ๐‘œ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฑ๐‘‘ ยท๐‘š๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฉ ๐‘ฃ๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ผ๐‘ฆ ๐‘ ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฆ๐‘๐‘ฐ๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘› ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ๐‘ก๐‘ผ๐‘ฆ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ฏ ๐‘ฟ๐‘Ÿ๐‘ป๐‘๐‘ฑ๐‘–๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘Ÿ, ๐‘ท๐‘ค ๐‘ฃ๐‘จ๐‘๐‘ฆ๐‘™ ๐‘ฆ๐‘ฏ ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘ฎ๐‘ง๐‘’๐‘‘ ๐‘ช๐‘š๐‘ก๐‘ง๐‘’๐‘‘ ๐‘ž ๐‘ฆ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘จ๐‘š๐‘ค๐‘ฆ๐‘–๐‘ฅ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘‘ ๐‘ ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ ๐‘จ๐‘š๐‘•๐‘ฉ๐‘ค๐‘ต๐‘‘ ๐‘‘๐‘ฆ๐‘ฎ๐‘ฉ๐‘ฏ๐‘ฆ ๐‘ด๐‘๐‘ผ ๐‘ž๐‘ฐ๐‘Ÿ ๐‘•๐‘‘๐‘ฑ๐‘‘๐‘•. ๐‘‘ ๐‘๐‘ฎ๐‘ต๐‘ ๐‘ž๐‘ฆ๐‘•, ๐‘ค๐‘ง๐‘‘ ๐‘“๐‘จ๐‘’๐‘‘๐‘• ๐‘š๐‘ฐ ๐‘•๐‘ฉ๐‘š๐‘ฅ๐‘ฆ๐‘‘๐‘ฉ๐‘› ๐‘‘ ๐‘ฉ ๐‘’๐‘จ๐‘ฏ๐‘›๐‘ฆ๐‘› ๐‘ข๐‘ป๐‘ค๐‘›.